Athens and Argos also decided to join the fight, pitting Sparta up against almost the entire Greek world. However, they invaded anyway and took the city with ease, increasing the Spartan appetite for empire even more. Many within the Spartan leadership, including Lysander, argued for burning it to the ground to ensure there would be no more war. The two sides collided once again in Boeotia, the region to the north of Attica where Thebes is located. Specifically, they traced their ancestry to Eurysthenes and Procles, the twin children a Heracles, one of the sons of Zeus. Both royal families, the Agiads and the Eurypontids, claimed ancestry with the gods. He was meant to attack the city of Deres with the support of the Argives, but he did so before his allies had the chance to arrive, which caused the battle to end without a conclusive result. After sixty the men would not have to perform any military duties, this included all war-time activities. Bradford, Alfred S. Leonidas and the Kings of Sparta: Mightiest Warriors, Fairest Kingdom. Pause Gallery . We have a wide selection of Hammer Strength, Cybex, Nautilus equipment and much more. The next season they lost the league title on goal difference to Stirling University. Before the Persian King Darius I could launch a second invasion of Greece, he died, and his son, Xerxes, took over as the Persian sovereign in c. 486 BCE. Of or relating to Sparta or its people. In addition to serving as a  natural boundary, the river also made the region surrounding the city of Sparta one of the most fertile and agriculturally productive. 479 BCE- the Spartans lead the Greek force at the Battle of Plataea and win a decisive victory over the Persians, ending the Second Persian Invasion of ancient Greece. These 300 Spartans were joined by a force of another 3,000 soldiers from around the Peloponnese, as around 1,000 from Thespiae and Phocis each, as well as another 1,000 from Thebes. Cartledge, Paul. Thebes had been forced to allow Sparta to pass through its territory as they marched north towards Macedon, a sign of Thebes subjugation to Sparta. Sparta was located in the fertile Eurotas valley of Laconia in the southeast Peloponnese. The Peloponnesian War. This war, often referred to as simply The Peloponnesian War, played an important role in Spartan history as it led to the fall of Athens and the rise of the Spartan Empire, the last great age of Sparta. The First Peloponnesian War was more of a series of skirmishes and battles than an outright war. Meanwhile, the Spartan fleet sailed around the Aegean to liberate cities from Athenian control, but they were beaten by the Athenians at the Battle of Cynossema in 411 BCE. Cleland scored 19 … To give you an idea of how important this was to early-Dorian culture, consider that the names of the first few recorded Spartan kings translate from Greek into: “Strong Everywhere, “(Eurysthenes), “Leader” (Agis), and “Heard Afar” (Eurypon). One of the Spartan kings, Lysander, saw this opportunity and decided to exploit it. Revolt was always right around the corner, and by the 4th century B.C, helots outnumbered Spartans, a fact they used to their advantage to win more freedoms and destabilize Sparta until it could no longer support itself as the Greek hegemon. Win together", "Spartans take down Camelon to lift Footbal Nation Cup Qualifying Cup once again", "Previous East of Scotland League Cup finals", Lothian & Edinburgh Amateur Football Association, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Spartans_F.C.&oldid=991434953, Association football clubs established in 1951, Scottish Junior Football Association clubs, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 01:32. But in the end, they chose to leave it so as to recognize its significance to the development of Greek culture. The Peloponnesian War broke out when a Theban envoy in the city of Plataea to kill the Plataean leaders and install a new government was attacked by those loyal to the current ruling class. In the coming years, just as their rivals the Athenians did, the Spartans would seek to expand their influence and maintain an empire. In 371 BCE, the Spartan army marched into Boeotia and was met by the Theban army in the small town of Leuctra. Cartledge, Paul. However, unlike their neighbors to the north, Athens, Sparta was hardly a cultural epicenter. However, neither side was able to gain an advantage, and the Spartans left a force to lay siege to the city. The Spartan army stood at the center of the Spartan state, citizens trained in the disciplines and honor of a warrior society. While Sparta was technically a monarchy governed by two kings, one each from the Agiad and Eurypontid families, these kings were relegated over time to positions that most closely resembled generals. Previous Image . 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